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Correctional System (U.S.) MCQ

______ Communities are residential communities providing dynamic “mutual self-help” environments and offering long-term opportunities for attitude and behavioral change and the learning of constructive, prosocial ways of coping with life.

Answer

Correct Answer: Therapeutic

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A principle that refers to offenders’ probability of reoffending and maintains that those with the highest risk should be targeted for the most intense treatment is known as ______

Answer

Correct Answer: Risk principle

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A treatment correctional model that maintains that offenders and the community are better served if offenders’ risks for reoffending and their needs (their deficiencies, such as lack of job skills) are addressed in a way that matches their developmental stage is known as _____ Model.

Answer

Correct Answer: All of these

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A principle maintaining that if offenders are to respond to treatment in meaningful and lasting ways, counselors must be aware of their different _____ and offenders need to be treated with respect and dignity.

Answer

Correct Answer: Both b and c

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RSAT is a community that typically lasts _____ months and is composed of inmates in need of substance abuse treatment and whose parole dates are set to coincide with the end of the program.

Answer

Correct Answer: 6 to 12

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The probability that a given offender will reoffend and thus the threat that they pose to the community is known as _____

Answer

Correct Answer: Offender Risk

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Offender Needs are deficiencies in offenders’ lives that facilitate their making a commitment to a prosocial pattern of behavior.

Answer

Correct Answer: False

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A principle that refers to an offender’s _____ needs, the lack of which puts them at risk for reoffending, and that suggests these needs should receive attention in program targeting.

Answer

Correct Answer: Prosocial

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EBP is a movement in which in order to reduce recidivism, corrections must implement practices that have consistently been shown to be effective.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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CBT is a counseling approach that tries to address dysfunctional cognitions, emotions, and behaviors in a relatively short time through goal-oriented, systematic procedures using a mixture of _____

Answer

Correct Answer: All of these

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Depo-Provera works in men to reduce sexual thoughts, fantasies, and erections by drastically reducing the production of_____ , the major male sex hormone.

Answer

Correct Answer: Testosterone

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Depo-Provera works in men to reduce sexual thoughts, fantasies, and erections by drastically reducing the production of testosterone, the major male sex hormone.

Answer

Correct Answer: All of these

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Anger Management Programs consist of a number of techniques by which someone with problems in controlling anger can learn the _____ of anger to reduce the degree of anger and avoid anger-inducing triggers.

Answer

Correct Answer: Both

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Addiction is a _____ illness characterized by intense craving for a particular substance.

Answer

Correct Answer: Psychological

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Actuarial data is data relating to what _____ many thousands of cases. Evidence-based treatment modalities are based on actuarial data.

Answer

Correct Answer: Both a and b

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A greater sense of justice, a reduction in industry growth, and less tax dollars spent could be achieved by ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Decarceration

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The advent and increased use of supermax prisons have caused management of inmates to shift to ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Warehousing

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Democratization can reduce ______ associated with working in corrections.

Answer

Correct Answer: Negative emotions

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Russia is the country that most closely resembles the United States in ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Incarceration

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As best we can tell we do not have significantly more ______ than at any other time in our history.

Answer

Correct Answer: Crime

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Goleman refers to positive relationships enhancing health and negative relationships adversely affecting health as ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: A double-edged sword

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The proportion of ______ in prison remained stable until the introduction of the war on drugs.

Answer

Correct Answer: Women to men and whites to minorities

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From 1980 to 2009, the number people on probation or parole ______ in size.

Answer

Correct Answer: Tripled

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Welch (2005) argues that corrections has become a prison industrial complex, an enterprise where civic leaders receive contributions from contractors.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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It is said that mass decarceration can bring about the positive outcome of less crime to communities.

Answer

Correct Answer: False

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A strong majority of correctional institutions in the United States now enforce professional standards for new hires.

Answer

Correct Answer: False

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Privatization of prisons can reduce some of the negative emotions associated with working in prisons.

Answer

Correct Answer: False

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Increasing sentence length is a key component in changing the correctional system if we hope to move beyond the failures of our past.

Answer

Correct Answer: False

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Punitive policies have increased incarceration rates.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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Punitive sentiments have led to an increased use of all corrections.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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