1. With regard to paid work, older employees tend to have _____ compared to younger employees.
2. Sarcopenia refers to _____.
3. About _____ of u.s. residents below the age of 25 experience anxiety disorders.
4. Successful marriages have all of the following characteristics except __________.
5. Researchers believe that alzheimer's disease is _____ genetic.
6. G. stanley hall believed that development is controlled primarily by _____ factors.
7. Adults tend to be ______ when their children are adolescents than the past generation.
8. With some exceptions, adolescent boys use ____ drugs, and use them ______ often, than girls do.
9. The timss assesses _____, and the pirls assesses _____.
10. With respect to families today worldwide, _____.
11. The two main types of treatment for depression are ____.
12. The mimbres culture is renowned for ________ .
13. William was an early-maturing boy in the 1930s. william would have been predicated to _____.
14. Anabolic steroid drugs are patterned after __________.
15. Neo-freudian theorists are also referred to as ______ psychologists
16. Vygotsky stressed the role of _____ on cognitive development.
17. As a consequence of __________ many young people around the world adopt a_________ identity.
18. Preconventional moral reasoning is to conventional moral reasoning as _____ is to _____.
19. A specific social position is called
20. The Social welfare institution is concerned with the fair allocation of goods, services , and opportunities to enhance_____ functioning of individuals and contribute to the social health of the society.
21. Social structure is a set of interrelated social institutions developed by humans to provide stability to society and order to individual lives.
22. Consciously organized and sustained attempts by ordinary people working outside of established institutions to change some aspect of society is called
23. A stable, organized, patterned set of roles, statuses, groups, and organizations that provides a basis for ___ in particular areas of social life is called a social institution.
24. The term is generally used by sociologists to describe contemporary structures of inequality is called
25. Role is a set of usual behaviors of persons occupying a particular _____.
26. Religious Institution describes the primary social institution for addressing spiritual and ethical issues.
27. The philosophy that equality is the natural, divine order and that inequality is based on abuse of privilege and should be minimized is called
28. Political process perspective explains an approach to social movements that suggests that social movements develop when windows of political opportunity are opened
29. Neoliberal philosophy explains that governments should keep their hands off the ____ institution.
30. Development of capitalism that enables capitalist powers (both nations and corporations) to dominate subject nations through the operations of international capitalism rather than by means of direct rule is called
31. Mobilizing structures perspective starts from the basic premise that given their disadvantaged position in the ____ system, social movement leaders must seek out and mobilize the resources they need to reduce the costs and increase the benefits of movement activities.
32. Mass media institution describes the _____ society, the social institution is responsible for managing the flow of information, images, and ideas among all members of society.
33. The health care institution has _______ responsibility for promoting the general health of a society.
34. The _______ and political social institution responsible for how decisions are made and enforced for the society as a whole.
35. The Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income within a country deviates from a perfectly equal distribution; scores range from _____ (perfect equality) to 100 (perfect inequality).
36. The social institution responsible for passing along formal knowledge from one generation to the next is called
37. The social institution with primary responsibility for regulating the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services is called
38. Cultural framing perspective explains social movements that assert a social movement can succeed only when participants develop shared understandings and definitions of the situation that caused the participants to feel aggrieved or outraged, motivating them to action.
39. The ongoing process of reflection and knowledge seeking about mechanisms and outcomes of social,_______ and economic oppression requires taking personal and collective action toward fairness and social justice is called critical consciousness.
40. A social movement that arises to oppose a successful social movement is called
41. A philosophy that inequality is the natural, divine order and that no efforts should be made to alter it is called conservative thesis
42. The practice of dominant and powerful nations going beyond their boundaries and using military force to occupy and claim less-dominant and less-powerful nations is called
43. Territorial community is based on ________.
44. A system perspective on organizations builds the fundamental principle that the organization is in constant interaction with its multiple environments—social, political, economic, cultural, technological—and must be able to adapt to environmental change.
45. Focuses on the small group as a place where symbols are created, exchanged, and interpreted is called
46. Status Characteristics and Expectation States Theory describes a basic group process that proposes that the influence and participation of group members during initial _______are related to their status and to expectations others hold about their ability to help the group accomplish tasks.
47. In status characteristics and expectation states theory, any characteristics that are evaluated in the broader society to be associated with competence.
48. Two or more people who interact with each other because of shared interests, goals, experiences, and needs is called
49. Sense of community describes the perception of similarity with others, an acknowledged interdependence with others, a willingness to maintain this _______ by giving to or doing for others what one expects from them, or the feeling that one is part of a larger, dependable and stable structure.
50. A self-categorization theory explains the small groups that propose in the process of social identity development, one comes to divide the world into in-groups (those to which one belongs) and out-groups (those to which one does not belong) and to be biased toward in-groups.
51. A community based on voluntary association rather than _______ is called a relational community.
52. A perspective that views the formal organization as a goal-directed, purposefully designed machine that maximizes _______ and effectiveness is called Rational Perspective on Organizations
53. Which theory Focuses on the relationship between emotional unconscious processes and the rational processes of interpersonal communication in the group?
54. The expectations that group members have of other group members in terms of how they will act or ______in the group or how well they will perform a task is called performance expectations.
55. The idea that individuals participate in multiple communities and consequently have multiple senses of community is called
56. Interactional/Interpretive perspective that sees formal organizations as social constructions of reality, providing members with a sense of connection and meaning and reflecting the worldviews of the creators.
57. Group work Involves serving people’s needs by bringing them together in _______ groups.
58. Group Cohesiveness has the tendency of the group to stick together and be unified in pursuit of its objectives and the satisfaction of members’ emotional needs.
59. A collectivity of people with a high degree of formal structure working together to meet common goals is called
60. Which theory focuses on power issues in small groups, who gets valued resources and how fairly they are perceived as being distributed ?
61. A critical perspective on organizations explains that it sees organizations as instruments of _______ and domination, where conflicting interests are decided in favor of the most powerful members.
62. People bound either by geography or by webs of communication, sharing common ties, and interacting with one another is called
63. Collective efficacy explains the capacity of community residents to achieve social control over the environment and to engage in collective action for the common good.
64. A form of organization; considered by Max Weber to be the most efficient form of organization for goal accomplishment, based on formal rationality is called
65. Community relationships that are outward looking and diverse and that link community members to assets and information across community boundaries is called
66. Bonding Social Capital describes the _______ relationships that are inward-looking and tend to mobilize solidarity and in-group loyalty; they lead to exclusive identities and homogenous communities.
67. An application of symbolic interaction theory to families that understands Family life as a system of meaning created through interaction.
68. When a series of crises over time depletes a family’s resources and exposes the family to increasing risk of very _____ outcomes.
69. The stressors families face as a result of typical family life cycle transitions is called normative stressors
70. Unexpected stressful events that can quickly drain a family’s resources is called
71. Multilevel family practice model is way of viewing a family that focuses on stress from and resources provided (or not provided) by patterns and institutions within larger social Systems, including the neighborhood, local community, state, nation, and global socioeconomic system.
72. Families composed of ___ parent and at least one child residing in the same household, headed by either a divorced, widowed, or unmarried parent.
73. A intersectionality feminist theory that suggests that no single category is sufficient to understand social oppression and that categories such as gender, race, and class intersect to produce different experiences for women of various races and classes.
74. A visual representation of the multigenerational Family system using squares, circles, and relationship lines is called
75. A perspective that proposes that families should not be studied as whole systems, with the lens on the family level, but rather as patterns of dominance, subjugation, and oppression, particularly as those patterns are tied to gender.
76. A visual representation of important dates and events in a family’s life over time is called family timeline
77. Family system perspective is a way of understanding families that focuses on the family as a social system, with patterns of interaction and relationships, and on changes in these patterns over time.
78. A perspective on families that incorporates research on individual stress and coping and the risk and resilience framework to understand how families cope with stress.
79. Family resilience perspective is an approach to family that seeks to identify and strengthen family processes that allow families to bear up under and rebound from distressing life experiences.
80. The family into which one is born and/or raised, when the two are the same is called family ___
81. A theoretical model that proposes that families with greater economic resources can afford to make large investments in the development of their children is ___ investement model
82. Family economic stress model is model of family stress that suggests that economic hardship leads to economic pressure, which leads to parent distress, which leads to disrupted family relationships, which leads to child and adolescent adjustment problems.
83. A____ representation of how a family is connected to other individuals and social systems; uses circles, lines, and arrows to show family relationships and the strength and directional flow of energy and resources to and from the family.
84. A social group of two or more persons, characterized by ongoing interdependence with long-term commitments that stem from blood, law, or affection is called
85. A way of studying ____ that assumes that family relationships Are based on the exchange of resources valued by the participants—that family members act to maximize those outcomes they most value.
86. In family systems theory, the process of learning to ____ between thoughts and feelings and to follow one’s own beliefs rather than making decisions based on reactivity to the cues of others or the need to win approval.
87. When a couple lives together in a romantic relationship without ______is called cohabiting
88. ABC-X Model of Family Stress and Coping theorizes that to understand whether an event (A) in the family system becomes a crisis (X), we also need to understand both the family’s resources (B) and the family’s definitions (C) of the event.
89. Xenophobia describes the _____ and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that is strange or foreign.
90. Beliefs about what is important or unimportant, desirable or undesirable, and right or wrong is called
91. _______ is a pattern of behavior of a group or individual that involves marking or personalizing a territory to signify ownership and engaging in behaviors to protect it from invasion.
92. Technology describes the tools,______, instruments, and devices developed and used by humans to enhance their lives.
93. Something verbal (language, words), an artifact (a flag), or nonverbal behavior (standing for the national anthem) that comes to stand for something else; a way of expressing meaning is called
94. Stimulation Theories describe the focus on the ______ environment as a source of sensory information that is essential for human well-being.
95. Racism explains the belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others, justifying access to power, privilege, resources, and opportunities on the basis of race.
96. A system of classification that uses certain physical characteristics to divide the human population into supposedly discrete groups is called
97. Practice orientation is a way of thinking about culture that seeks to explain what people do as thinking, intentionally acting as persons who face the impact of history and the constraints of structures that are embedded in society and culture.
98. The physical distance one chooses to maintain in interpersonal relationships is called
99. The culturally defined rules of behavior that guide people in what they are to do or not to do is called norms
100. Natural environment describes the part of the environment made up of all naturally occurring ______ and nonliving things.
Human Behavior (Person and Environment)
Corrections and Punishments
Race and Ethnicity
Violence in Close Relationships
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