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Human Development (Mental And Physical) MCQ

What process is responsible for children’s rapid vocabulary growth in early childhood?

Answer

Correct Answer: Fast mapping

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Which of the following is true about infant-directed speech?

Answer

Correct Answer: Infant-directed speech uses repetition.

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Which of the following is an example of telegraphic speech?

Answer

Correct Answer: Daddy home

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Carmen goes to a school that emphasizes both English and Spanish equally. Part of her class is English-speaking, while the other part is Spanish-speaking. What type of approach does her school emphasize?

Answer

Correct Answer: Dual language learning

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What is necessary for children to be able to fast map a word?

Answer

Correct Answer: Children must hear a word being used.

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Which of the following is a criticism of the learning theory of language acquisition?

Answer

Correct Answer: Toddlers often put words together in ways that they likely have never heard.

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______ is the repetition of consonants and vowels.

Answer

Correct Answer: Morphology

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Which of the following is an example of cooing?

Answer

Correct Answer: “Ooooh”

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Which of the following best describes the difference between a dialect and an accent?

Answer

Correct Answer: A dialect is the geographic variation in language, and an accent refers to the phonology of a dialect.

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Which of the following begins to be used in middle childhood?

Answer

Correct Answer: Passive voice

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Charlie is studying Piaget’s view of private speech. Which of the following points will Charlie likely encounter?

Answer

Correct Answer: Private speech is egocentric.

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Chomsky referred to ______ as the rules that apply to all human languages.

Answer

Correct Answer: Language acquisition device (LAD)

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Which of the following is an example of underextension?

Answer

Correct Answer: Billy knows the word “ball” but he only calls a soccer ball a “ball.”

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Parental responsiveness to infants’ vocalizations predicts the ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Size of infants’ vocabularies, timing of milestones, and diversity of communications

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When children change their speech in response to the needs of the listeners, they understand ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Pragmatics

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Dual language learning is an approach in which children are taught and develop skills in ___ languages.

Answer

Correct Answer: Two

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____ is a strategy in which all instruction occurs in the majority language

Answer

Correct Answer: Immersion

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Infant directed speech uses shorter words and sentences, higher and more varied pitch, repetitions, a slower rate, and longer pauses.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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When an adult repeats a child’s sentence back to him or her in a new grammatical form is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Recast

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Adult response to children’s speech that elaborate and enriches its complexity is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Expansion

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A type of babbling with well-formed syllables that sounds like language is canonical bubbling

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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In which region of the brain that is responsible for language comprehension; damage to this area impairs the ability to understand others?

Answer

Correct Answer: Wernicke's area

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In which region in the brain that controls the ability to use language for expression ?

Answer

Correct Answer: Broca's area

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Universal language rules that apply to all human languages.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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Language acquisition device is an innate an innate facilitator of language that allows infants to quickly and efficiently analyze everyday speech

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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Grammar is rules of ____

Answer

Correct Answer: Language

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Self regulation is the ability to control one’s impulses and appropriately direct behavior.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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____ speech is self-directed speech that children use to guide their behavior.

Answer

Correct Answer: Private

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Grammatical mistakes that children make because they apply grammatical rules too stringently to words that are exceptions is over regulation errors

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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When learning new words, young children assume that objects have only one label or name is mutually exclusivity assumption

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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A strategy children use to increase their vocabulary in which they extend a new word to other objects in the same category is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Logic extension

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___ word is utterances produced by toddlers that communicate only the essential words is telegraphic speech

Answer

Correct Answer: Two

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A vocabulary error in which the infant applies a word too narrowly to a single object rather than the more appropriate, wider class of objects is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Under extension

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A vocabulary error in which the infant applies a word too broadly to a wider class of objects than appropriate is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Over extension

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Naming explosion is a vocabulary spurt; a period of rapid vocabulary learning that begins about ____ months of age.

Answer

Correct Answer: 16-18

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___ mapping is a process by which children learn new words after only a brief encounter, connecting it with their own mental categories.

Answer

Correct Answer: Fast

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A one-word expression used to convey a complete thought is holophrases

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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A one-word expression used to convey a complete thought is holophrases

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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Babbling is an infant’s repetition of syllables such as “ba-ba-ba-ba” and “ma-ma-ma,” which begins at about ___ months of age.

Answer

Correct Answer: 6

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An infant’s repetition of vowel sounds, such as “ahhhh,” “ohhh,” and “eeee” that begins between 2 and 3 months of age is known as

Answer

Correct Answer: Cooing

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____ is practical application of language for everyday communication.

Answer

Correct Answer: Pragmatics

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Knowledge of the structure of sentences is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Syntax

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The understanding of the way that sounds combined to form words is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Morphology

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____ refers to the meaning or content of words and sentences.

Answer

Correct Answer: Semantics

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Refers to the knowledge of sounds used in a given language is called

Answer

Correct Answer: Phonology

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