Accounts Receivable MCQ Questions Answers Accounts Receivable MCQ Questions Answers

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Sample Accounts Receivable MCQ

After goods have been shipped, what must be sent to the buyer?

A letter


The invoice

The check

The invoice

Accounts Receivable multiple choice questions List

Accounts Receivable:

Accounts receivable (AR) is a term used in accounting to describe money owed to a company for goods or services that have been delivered but have not yet been paid for. The total amount of accounts receivable is typically listed on the company's balance sheet as an asset.

What is an allowance for doubtful accounts?

An allowance for doubtful accounts is an estimate of the amount of money that a company expects to lose from uncollectible receivables. This estimate is based on past experience, as well as an analysis of the customer base and current economic conditions. The allowance for doubtful accounts is an asset account, and it is reduced as receivables are collected.

The allowance for doubtful accounts is important because it allows a company to recognize losses from uncollectible receivables in the period in which they occur. This information is helpful in making decisions about whether to extend credit to new customers and how much credit to offer current customers. It also helps managers make informed decisions about pricing and collection strategies.

What do you mean by net credit sales?

Net credit sales are the total amount of credit sales in a given period, minus any returns and allowances. This figure gives you an accurate representation of how much money your company is earning from selling products or services to customers on credit. It's important to keep track of net credit sales, as they can provide valuable insight into your company's overall sales performance. Additionally, you can use net credit sales to measure the effectiveness of your marketing and sales efforts. If your net credit sales are increasing over time, it's likely that your marketing and sales strategies are working well. Conversely, if net credit sales are decreasing, you may need to revisit your strategy and make some changes.

What is collecting credit sales?

When a company extends credit to a customer, it creates accounts receivable. The company's goal is to collect the money owed to it as soon as possible, which is known as accounts receivable management. One way to do this is by using a collection agency.

What is a cash discount?

A cash discount is a reduction in the price of goods or services offered to customers for payment in cash on or before the due date. The purpose of a cash discount is to encourage customers to pay their bills quickly, which helps a business manage its cash flow. Cash discounts are also known as early payment discounts.

Doubtful accounts:

Doubtful accounts are those that may not be paid. This can be due to a number of reasons, such as the company going bankrupt or the customer not being able to pay. These accounts receivable are considered to be riskier, and so they are written off at a slower rate. This means that they aren't considered to be as likely to be paid, and so they are worth less than other accounts receivable.

What is a bad debts expense?

A bad debts expense is the amount of money that a company records as an expense in order to account for the money that it is not expected to collect from clients. This may be due to clients going bankrupt, refusing to pay their bills, or simply not having the money to do so. In order to account for this potential loss, a company will set money aside each year to cover any potential bad debts. This expense is typically recorded as a part of the company's operating expenses.

Estimating bad debt expense:

Estimating bad debt expense is the process of estimating the number of uncollectible receivables. This estimation is necessary in order to determine the allowance for doubtful accounts, which is an estimate of the amount of money that will not be collected from customers. The allowance for doubtful accounts reduces net income by reducing the amount of revenue recognized. There are a number of factors that can be considered in estimating bad debt expense, including the aging of receivables, past collection experience, and customer creditworthiness.

An Overdue Account:

An overdue account is an account that is past due, meaning that it is not current on its payments. This can cause a number of problems for businesses, including but not limited to: decreased cash flow, difficulty in making future payments, and damaged credit ratings. In order to avoid these consequences, it is important to work with customers to create a payment plan that works for everyone involved.

An Allowance Account:

An allowance account is an account that is used to record the estimated amount of uncollectible accounts receivable. This account is used to ensure that the company's financial statements are accurate. The estimated amount of uncollectible receivables is based on the company's past experience with uncollectible receivables, as well as current economic conditions. The allowance account is a contra asset account, which means that it reduces the company's net accounts receivable balance.

What are cash sales? How is it different from other sales?

Cash sales are transactions in which the customer pays for the product or service at the time of sale. This is contrasted with credit sales, in which the customer does not pay immediately, but instead pays at a later date.

What is a credit period?

A credit period is the agreed-upon number of days a company allows its customers to pay for the goods and services they have received. The credit period is typically set in advance and is stated on an invoice. A customer who pays within the credit period has not incurred any interest or late fees. A customer who does not pay within the credit period may be charged a late fee.

Some companies offer a discount to customers who pay within the credit period. This is known as a discount for early payment. A customer who takes advantage of this discount is said to have received a cash discount.

What do you mean by an average collection period?

The average collection period is the average number of days it takes for a company to collect payment on its accounts receivable. This metric is important to track because a longer collection period can indicate that a company is having trouble collecting payments from its customers. There are a number of factors that can affect a company's average collection period, including the creditworthiness of its customers and the overall economy.

A cash flow statement:

A cash flow statement is a financial statement that shows how much cash a company has generated and used over a specific period of time. This statement can be broken down into three sections: operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities. The operating section shows how much cash was generated from the company's normal business operations. The investing section shows how much cash was used to acquire new assets, such as property or investments. The financing section shows how much cash was generated or used by the company's activities related to debt and equity. A cash flow statement is an important tool for understanding a company's financial health and predicting its future performance.

Income statement:

An income statement is a financial statement that shows how much money a company has earned over a specific period of time. The statement includes revenues and expenses, and it can be used to track a company's progress over time or compare its performance to that of other businesses. 

What is a net credit sales value?

A net credit sales value is the total amount of money that a company has earned from selling products or services to customers, minus any returns or allowances. This figure represents the revenue that a business has generated after all discounts and deductions have been applied. It's important for companies to track their net credit sales values, as they can provide insights into how well their sales operations are performing. Additionally, this metric can be used to measure a company's financial health and performance.

What are accounts receivable balances?

Accounts receivable balances are the total amount of money that a company is owned by its customers. This figure includes all outstanding invoices, as well as any interest or late fees that have accrued. The accounts receivable balance can be used to assess the health of a company's finances, as it represents future revenue that is currently owed to the business. A high balance can indicate that a company is having difficulty collecting payments from its customers, while a low balance may suggest that the company is not charging enough for its products or services.

Accounts receivable turnover:

The accounts receivable turnover ratio is a measure of how efficiently a company collects payments from its customers. It is calculated by dividing the net sales revenue by the average accounts receivable balance. This ratio measures how many times a company can collect its receivables in a year. A high turnover ratio indicates that the company is collecting payments quickly, while a low turnover ratio indicates that the company is taking longer to collect payments. This ratio can be used to compare the performance of different companies or to measure the efficiency of a company's collection process.

What is a bad debt expense account?

A bad debt expense account is an account used to track expenses related to uncollectible accounts receivable. This type of account is necessary because companies are allowed to write off these expenses as a tax deduction. The hope is that by tracking these expenses, companies can more accurately predict their taxable income. Additionally, bad debt expense accounts can also provide insight into a company's overall creditworthiness.

What are uncollectible accounts receivable?

Uncollectible accounts receivable are debts that a company expects will never be paid. This may be because the debtor is bankrupt or has died, or because the debt is simply uncollectible for other reasons. The value of uncollectible accounts receivable must be recorded on the company's balance sheet as a liability. This reduces the company's net worth and can have a negative impact on its credit rating.

Uncollectible accounts expense:

Uncollectible accounts expense is an estimate of the losses that a company will incur from not being able to collect all the money it is owed. This estimate is based on historical data and current trends. The amount of uncollectible accounts expenses can vary greatly from period to period, depending on how bad the economy is and how successful the company is at collecting the money it is owed.

What are the average accounts receivable?

The average accounts receivable is the amount of time it takes for a company to collect its outstanding invoices. This figure is important for companies to monitor, as it can indicate how efficient they are at collecting payments from their customers. A high average of accounts receivable could mean that a company is struggling to collect payments, while a low average could indicate that a company is doing a good job at getting customers to pay up. In order to calculate the average accounts receivable, you simply add up all of the company's outstanding invoices and divide them by the number of days it took to collect them.

Net Realizable Value (NRV):

Net realizable value (NRV) is the estimated selling price of a company's inventory, less the cost to sell it. It's used to measure whether a company's inventory is worth more or less than its book value. 

What is a balance sheet?

A balance sheet is a financial statement that shows a company's assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time. The balance sheet is divided into two parts: the left side, which shows a company's liabilities and owners' equity, and the right side, which shows a company's assets.

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