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Punishment and Sentencing MCQ

_____ is victim or victim’s family may address the court at sentencing.

Answer

Correct Answer: Victim Impact Statements

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Is truth in Sentencing Laws laws that provide that offenders must serve a significant portion of their criminal sentences?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as provides mandatory sentences for individuals who commit a third felony after being previously convicted for two serious or violent felonies. Also, stringent penalties are typically provided for a second felony.

Answer

Correct Answer: Three Strikes and You’re Out law

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_____ is defined as punishment intended to deter or discourage an offender from committing another crime.

Answer

Correct Answer: Specific Deterrence

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_____ is prohibit offenders from profiting from their crime.

Answer

Correct Answer: Son of Sam laws

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Is selective Incapacitation singles out repeat offenders and other dangerous individuals for lengthy detention?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as offender receives the punishment that he or she deserves.

Answer

Correct Answer: Retribution

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_____ is defined as stresses the harm caused by crime to victims and requires offenders to engage in financial restitution and community service to compensate the victim and the community and to “make them whole once again.”

Answer

Correct Answer: Restoration

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_____ is punishment intended to reform offenders and to transform them into law-abiding members of society.

Answer

Correct Answer: Rehabilitation

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Is proportionality a sentence should “fit the crime.”?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as a legislatively established commission establishes a sentencing formula based on various factors, including the nature of the crime and offender’s criminal history

Answer

Correct Answer: Presumptive Sentencing Guidelines

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_____ is defined as the standard of proof in a civil case. The facts are probably more in favor of one side than the other.

Answer

Correct Answer: Preponderance of the Evidence

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_____ is negotiated agreements between the defense attorney and prosecutor and often approved by a judge.

Answer

Correct Answer: Plea bargain

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Is pardon exempts an individual from additional punishment?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as sexually violent offender registration laws are named in memory and honor of Megan Kanka, a 7-year-old New Jersey child who was sexually assaulted and murdered by a neighbor in 1994.

Answer

Correct Answer: Megan’s Law

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_____ is defined as the legislature requires judges to sentence an offender to a minimum sentence, regardless of mitigating factors. Prison sentences may be reduced by good-time credits while incarcerated.

Answer

Correct Answer: Mandatory Minimum Sentence

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_____ is offender receives sentence that he or she deserves.

Answer

Correct Answer: Just Deserts

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Is indeterminate Sentence the state legislature provides judges with the ability within certain limits to set a minimum and maximum sentence. While imprisoned, the offender is evaluated by a parole board?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as a theory of punishment that protects the public by incarcerating offenders.

Answer

Correct Answer: Incapacitation

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_____ is defined as punishment intended to deter individuals other than the offender from committing a crime.

Answer

Correct Answer: General Deterrence

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_____ is prohibits cruel and unusual punishment.

Answer

Correct Answer: Eighth Amendment

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Is disparity sentences for a particular offense are not uniform and vary from one another?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as a sentence fixed by the state legislature.

Answer

Correct Answer: Determinate Sentence

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_____ is defined as sentences for each criminal act are served one after another.

Answer

Correct Answer: Consecutive Sentences

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_____ is sentences for each criminal act are served at the same time.

Answer

Correct Answer: Concurrent Sentences

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Is clemency an executive governmental official reduces a criminal sentence?

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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_____ is known as the standard of proof applied in a criminal case; requires that a judge or juror is convinced beyond a moral certainty.

Answer

Correct Answer: Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

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_____ is defined as seizure pursuant to a court order of the “fruits” of illegal narcotics transactions (along with certain other crimes) or of material that was used to engage in such activity.

Answer

Correct Answer: Assets Forfeiture

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Which of the following stresses the harm caused to victims of crime and requires offenders to engage in financial restitution and community service to compensate the victim and the community and to “make them whole once again”?

Answer

Correct Answer: Restoration

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The Eighth Amendment prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment does all but which of the following?

Answer

Correct Answer: Ensures equal sentences for codefendants

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Restorative justice encourages offenders to develop a sense of individual responsibility and to become responsible members of society through financial restitution and community service.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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James is convicted of a new and novel cybercrime. The judge gives him a harsh sentence to make an example of him and deter others from committing similar crimes. This is an example of what?

Answer

Correct Answer: General deterrence

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Which of the following includes house arrest with electronic monitoring, short-term “shock” incarceration, community service, and restitution?

Answer

Correct Answer: Intermediate sanctions

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A 14-year-old defendant is convicted of shoplifting. The judge sentences him to a three month, military-style boot camp designed to instill the values of hard work and dedication. This is an example of which style of punishment?

Answer

Correct Answer: Retribution

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The day before leaving office, the state governor reduces the sentence of her good friend, who was convicted of bribery in the same state, to time served. The governor exercised her right to ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Pardon

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Three Strikes laws provide mandatory sentences for those who commit a third crime of any sort after having previously committed two serious or violent felonies.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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A defendant is convicted of three crimes and is sentenced to three sentences of 18 months in prison for each offense. She serves her entire sentence and is released in 54 months. Her sentences were served ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Consecutively

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______ refers to the period of conditional supervised release in the community following a prison term.

Answer

Correct Answer: Parole

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Son of Sam laws prohibit felons from ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Profiting from media that recount their crimes

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The goal of punishment in the United States at its founding was ______.

Answer

Correct Answer: Rehabilitation

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Which of the following imposes punishment based on just deserts?

Answer

Correct Answer: Retribution

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Truth in sentencing laws have resulted in many offenders serving longer sentences than ever before.

Answer

Correct Answer: True

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The theory of retribution imposes punishment to deter or discourage a defendant from committing a crime in the future.

Answer

Correct Answer: False

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